Aristotle (384–322 BCE.)
Aristotle, born in Stagirus in northern Greece, spent twenty years studying under Plato at Plato’s Academy in Athens. On Plato’s death in 347 he left Athens for the court of Hermeas, and afterwards went on to Mytilene. At the invitation of Philip of Macedonia he became the tutor of his 13 year old son Alexander (who became Alexander the Great). Aristotle returned to Athens in 335 to establish his own school at the Lyceum. His students acquired the name ‘peripatetics’ from their master’s habit of walking about as he taught. What remains of Aristotle’s works embrace a wide range of subjects, including logic, philosophy, ethics, physics, biology, psychology, politics and rhetoric.
With the sudden death of Alexander in 323 BCE., the political landscape changed and Aristotle fled from Athens to Chalcis in Euboea. Within a year he had died from an illness.
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
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